Aleppo Province – The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights: the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights obtained information from reliable sources, which confirmed that groups of the Turkish forces, members of factions of the “Olive Branch” Operation forces, and members of the Free Police, have stormed Muhammedia Camp in Dayr Ballut area in the countryside of Afrin city, in the north-western countryside of Aleppo province, and the sources confirmed that this storming came against the backdrop of establishing building irregularly by inhabitants in the camp, which pushed the locals to protest, and the sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that one of the inhabitants of the camp was arrested, amid continued tension in the area.
The Syrian Observatory published on the 3rd of October 2018, that it monitored a faction known as “al-Majd Corps” attempting to seize 4 houses in al-Mahmudiya area of Afrin city, which are inhabited by families displaced from Arbin city in the Eastern Ghouta and resettled in houses by the local council of Afrin, trusted sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the al-Majd Corps tried to seize the houses by force in order to turn them into headquarters, but the intervention of a group of the Turkey-supported Sultan Murad Faction and the military police prevented that, which caused resentment.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights received information from several reliable sources about a new approach in the process of demographic change, in front of the sponsors of the agreements and the attention of the international community and the United Nations, which is talking on and on about defending human rights at every place in the world, where intersected sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that a military commander in Rahman Corps (who was displaced from eastern Ghouta) had an agreement with the local council in Afrin city, based on taking an area of a mountainous land located in the area between Basutah and Afrin city by the military commander, based on considering it as a “no-man’s-land” and it is not owned by anyone, and then granting 400 meters to the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta in exchange of $100. Reliable sources confirmed that the agreement had been reached between both parties, but no displaced person has been handover anything yet.
Also, The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 20th of September 2018 that Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned that hundreds of people displaced from the Eastern Ghouta, have left Afrin area in the northern sector of Aleppo countryside, and in the details obtained by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights; more than 200 families of the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta, have left Afrin city and its countryside, heading towards Idlib province, and reliable sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the reason which pushed the displaced people to displace again towards Idlib province, is the new step in the demographic change by the factions of the Operation “Olive Branch”, where the factions tend to tighten the grip on the inhabitants of Afrin city of the people displaced from the Eastern Ghouta or those who were previously resettled in it under the supervision of the Turkish forces, and push these people to leave their houses and displace to other areas, and the factions also expel them directly, under the pretext of bringing the families of the fighters of the “Olive Branch” Operation and resettle them in the area, and the relative calm that has been prevailing Idlib province, in the wake of the Turkish Russian agreement which provides for establishing a demilitarized zone, supported the abovementioned reasons for the displacement, the Syrian Observatory published today morning, Thursday the 20th of September 2018, that the wave of return of displaced people continues in Idlib Province and its surroundings, this wave which was monitored by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights for the 10th consecutive day, from the north of Idlib and Afrin area towards areas in the southern and southeastern countryside of Idlib and the western countryside of the province, and other areas in the countryside of Hama, the reliable sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that at least 20000 people have returned from the northern sector of Idlib and other areas of the Syrian north to their homes, from which they were displaced from due to the ground and aerial attack by regime’s artillery and rocket shells as well as the Russians’, where the people began returning on the 11th of September 2018, while thousands of displaced people are expected to return to their cities, towns, villages, and homes in the areas near to the contact lines with the regime in the coming days, and with the approach of the date of implementing the new Turkish – Russian agreement regarding Idlib and its vicinity.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also monitored on the 13th of September 2018, a new tension in Afrin city as a result of violations against displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta, the violations were carried out by the factions operating in the “Olive Branch” Operation, which, after settling displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta in the area; they started carrying out violations and abuses against them, where the Syrian Observatory monitored during the past hours the faction of al-Shamiyyah Front expelling 15 displaced families from the Eastern Ghouta, where they have been expelled from homes where they were resettled in at Afrin city by the local council in the city, and the sources confirmed that the expelling was carried out by fighters of al-Shamiyyah Front which operate under the banner of the Turkey-supported “Olive Branch” Operation which is led by the Turkish Forces, where families of fighters belong to al-Shamiyyah Front were resettled in these homes from which the displaced people were expelled, and this expel is not the first of its kind in Afrin city, although Turkish Forces have resettled displaced people in Afrin and its countryside –both within homes of the displaced population of Afrin and in camps in Afrin area–, where the Syrian Observatory published on the 29th of July 2018 that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned that skirmishes took place in Afrin city, between displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta of Damascus against members of the military police, against the background of the fact that the latter demanded in Afrin city, that displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta of Damascus, who have been resettled earlier, have to leave their houses, and the intersected sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the families that were asked to leave the houses, refused these orders of the military police, which caused verbal argument developed to fighting and crossfire between members of the military police against the members of these families who belong to Al-Rahman Corps which has been displaced from the Eastern Ghouta of Damascus, and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also published on the 12th of June 2018, that tension prevails Afrin city between an Islamic movement and between displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta, where the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned from several reliable sources that the Islamic movement of Ahrar al-Sham forced 7 families from displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta to evacuate their homes in Afrin city, where they were evicted from the houses at gunpoint along with warning them not to return to the houses, the sources said that they were threatened that if returned they would be imprisoned on charges of “dealing with Kurdish forces”, and the reliable sources confirmed to the Observatory that this disagreement took place after the refusal of some families to live in the houses of Afrin people who were displaced by the Turkish forces and the Syrian opposition factions, where the families contacted the homeowners to rent the houses from them and sign official contracts, which provoked the Islamic Movement of Ahrar al-Sham in Afrin city and pushed it to expel the residents of the houses who are from the Eastern Ghouta and cane to Afrin on board of the displacement convoys; on the pretext that the area which is under the control of the Islamic Movement of Ahrar al-Sham is “liberated” by the Islamic Movement of Ahrar al-Sham; and it wants to put families of its fighters in these houses.
This expel of Eastern Ghouta families of who were resettled in Afrin; comes after the resentment of the displaced people of the capital Damascus Rif Dimashq from the miserable situation in the areas they had arrived to, of the camps and houses where they had been resettled in, because of what they called a bad treatment by fighters of the factions of “Olive Branch” operation and the lack of food and humanitarian assistance, where the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights obtained reliable information from several intersected sources at the end of the last May 2018, that hundreds of families in the north of Syria are preparing to return from the areas to which they have been displaced; to their towns and cities from which they have been displaced, and in the details documented by the Syrian Observatory: about 400 families from the Eastern Ghouta of who arrived in the past weeks to the Syrian north; are preparing to return to their cities and towns from which the regime forces and Russian forces have displaced them from in the past weeks, and reliable sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the return process comes after registering their names by their families at committees in the Eastern Ghouta, and the sources assured the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that these families have changed their decision of staying in the Syrian north, and preferred to return as a result of what they said: “Ignore their tragedy by humanitarian, relief and medical organizations, the lack of proper services, and the ill treatment towards them by local factions operating in the Syrian north, in addition to being persuaded by their families to return to the Eastern because of the latter’s allegations that the situation is safe”.