Amid continuous US movement east of Euphrates, a meeting in Ain Issa in al-Raqqah countryside between US officers and administrative and service officials in the area

Al-Raqqah Province, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights: the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned that a meeting took place in the northwestern countryside of al-Raqqah, to discuss issues related to the east of Euphrates, and in the details obtained by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights: a meeting took place in ​​Ain Issa area in the northwestern sector of al-Raqqah Province, between Generals of the American Forces and between administrative representatives of ​​Ain Issa the self-administration area, where they discussed about administrative and service issues and the fate of the area, in light of the US decision to withdraw, and the Turkish threats to launch a military operation against the east of Euphrates area, while the Syrian Observatory monitored during the last 48 hours that the movement of US Forces and International Coalition forces is still underway within areas of their presence and the Syria Democratic Forces’ controlled areas in east of Euphrates, where reliable sources confirmed that cargo planes and helicopters are landing daily at the base located in the countryside of Ayn al-Arab (Kobani) city, while others are landing at the Khrab Eshek Base, and these operations come after the US decision on the 19th of December 2018, to withdraw the US Forces from the east of Euphrates area, and as Turkey is talking about a military operation in the east of Euphrates area, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 29th of December 2018 that the recent hours of today, Saturday the 29th of December 2018, witnessed the entry of about 200 trucks loaded with weapons, ammunition and other logistic equipment, to the International Coalition military bases in Al-Raqqah, Manbij and Ayn Issa, and this is the second convoy to be entered the east Euphrates, after the US decision on the 19th of December 2018, to withdraw its forces from the area, and this action is coincided with the talks that are underway among the circles of the American administration about withdrawing the weapons or keeping them in the Syria Democratic Forces’ possession.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 20th of December 2018 that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitored the entry of tens of trucks coming from Kurdistan Region of Iraq, to areas in the Syrian interior within the area of the east of the Euphrates, and in the details obtained by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights; the recent hours of today, Saturday the 29th of December 2018, witnessed the entry of about 200 trucks loaded with weapons, ammunition and other logistic equipment, to the International Coalition military bases in Al-Raqqah, Manbij and Ayn Issa, and this is the second convoy to be entered the east Euphrates, after the US decision on the 19th of December 2018, to withdraw its forces from the area, and this action is coincided with the talks that are underway among the circles of the American administration about withdrawing the weapons or keeping them in the Syria Democratic Forces’ possession.

And the Syrian Observatory published on the 20th of December 2018, that a new shipment of logistical equipment, weapons, and fuel arrived in the east of Euphrates area, coming from the Kurdistan area of Iraq to the bases of the International Coalition in the area, and the sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that tens of trucks loaded with fuel of warplanes and vehicles, weapons, military and logistical equipment headed towards the countryside Deir Ezzor, towards the base of the International Coalition, which it began to establish on Thursday, the 20th of December 2018, where the Syrian Observatory published hours ago that the International Coalition in Deir Ezzor is building a new military base east of Euphrates within the eastern sector of Deir Ezzor countryside, and in the details obtained by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights: the International Coalition is establishing a military base in Hajin area located on the outskirts of ISIS-controlled enclave at the east bank of Euphrates River, which was controlled by the Syria Democratic Forces, where the Syrian Observatory received photos showing the operation of establishing the military base.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 13th of December 2018 that the US Forces established 2 military bases in the countryside of Tal Abyad in al-Raqqah Province, where they set up 2 bases in Tal Rekbeh and al-Jayb areas in the countryside of Tal Abyad city, and this is the third International Coalition base in 17 days within the northern sector of al-Raqqah countryside, also, the establishment of these bases coincides with the Turkish military moves and the moves by the rebel and Islamic factions that operate under their command; to launch a military operation in the area east of Euphrates against Syria Democratic Forces, raising to at least 21, the number of bases established by the International Coalition in the Syria Democratic Forces’ controlled areas.

The Syrian Observatory published on the 27th of November 2018 that the  Syrian Observatory for Human Rights learned from reliable sources that the International Coalition is establishing a military base at the area located in the northern countryside of al-Raqqah, and in the details that were confirmed by reliable sources of the Syrian Observatory, the US forces are establishing a military base in B’er Ashiq area located in the area between east of Tal Abyad city and west of Sluk town near the Syrian – Turkish border, where the base is being equipped with military, logistic, and communications equipment, raising to 19, the number of bases established by the International Coalition in areas of control of the Syria Democratic Forces, and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 21st of November 2018 that the International Coalition extended its support period for the Syria Democratic Forces operating in the east of Euphrates and in areas west of it, and in the details confirmed by the reliable sources of the Syrian Observatory: the International Coalition renewed its contract to support the Syria Democratic Forces for 2 years to come, covering the year 2019 and 2020. Reliable sources confirmed that the contract is based on establishing a full program for the Coalition and a way for applying it, and then renewing it every 2 years. The approval of the program came after intensive meetings between the International Coalition and the leadership of the Syria Democratic Forces, where a mutual work mechanism was agreed upon between both parties, including the provision of military assistance to the Syria Democratic Forces throughout the period of the contract, while signing this new contract and establishing the new program of the International Coalition’s work in east of Euphrates and areas west of it; coincided with the Turkish threats of a military operation is being hinted about by Turkey in the border area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, and in conjunction with preparations for a military operation against the “Islamic State” organization in its last enclave at the east bank of Euphrates River in the eastern sector of Deir Ezzor countryside.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights during the four years followed the movement of the International Coalition of military and field operations as well as other logistics operations, like building military bases, expanding its control, or providing support in various aspects, while the Coalition’s participation in military operations was manifested through the geographical area, of which it was able to support the allied ground forces or its supported forces to control, where the International Coalition and the forces it supports which are the Syria Democratic Forces -of which YPG is its mainstay- today they control an area of 52528 km² of the Syrian territory with a ratio of 28.2% of the Syrian geography, which includes the entire area of Manbij and its countryside west of the Euphrates River, and the entire area east of Euphrates except the last enclave of the “Islamic State” organization on the east banks of Euphrates River, and several areas controlled by the regime forces and their allies east of the Euphrates in front of Deir Ezzor city, while the Syrian opposition factions supported by the International Coalition control 3543 km² which is 1.9% of the Syrian territory’s area, while these forces which are supported by the International Coalition used to control before the International Coalition entered the military operations in Syria 12624 km² i.e. 6.8% before the 23rd of September 2014, and included areas within al-Hasaka province which is the areas stretching in the border triangle of Iraq and Turkey – al-Hasakah city – the outskirts of al-Raqqah countryside, in addition to Ayn al-Arab (Kobani) city which was witnessing the heaviest attack by the “Islamic State” organization.

This military advancement was carried out by 3 direct ways, the first was the intense air support by the International Coalition through focused strikes based on intelligence operations that killed tens of prominent leaders of the organization, and the strikes which accompanied the military operations have killed thousands, and the direct land participation through the involvement of Coalition Forces in the battlefronts, while the third was through providing weapons, ammunition, equipment, communications, and in the preparation of military plans.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has been monitoring since the second half of 2018, the International Coalition led by the United States of America increasing its presence in the whole area east of Euphrates, and the reinforcement of this presence came by various means monitored by the Syrian Observatory, where the reliable sources confirmed to the Observatory that the Coalition has established at least 18 different bases in areas east of Euphrates and in Manbij area in the northeastern countryside of Aleppo at the west bank of the river including 6 major bases, these bases are distributed in the area of Ayn al-Arab (Kobani), Khrab Ishak, and Manbij in Aleppo Province, and Ein Issa, al-Raqqah, and al-Tabaqa in al-Raqqah Province, al-Shaddadi, al-Hool, Tal Tamr, Tal Baidar and Rmaylan in al-Hasaka Province, and al-Omar oilfield and al-Bahra in the countryside of Deir Ezzor. The major bases include airports for the landing and takeoff of planes, and some of them were built in the form of small bases, also the sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the bases are protected continuously through the aerial surveillance of warplanes in the sky area of the base, and through cars roaming the perimeter of the bases as well as fixed checkpoints scattered around the perimeter of these bases and airports, to protect them from any attacks Individually or collectively by the “Islamic State” organization or any other cells that seek to target the area.

Also the International Coalition through their committees on the ground in the east of Euphrates; are carrying out periodic meetings with the aim of developing institutions located in the east of Euphrates, where these committees provide logistical support, financial support, and equipment for the committees that requests their specific assistance, also these committees supervise the process of managing affairs of many service and administrative parties in an undeclared manner, and provide their contributions in developing the service management and organizing the work of the institutions supervising eastern areas of Euphrates.

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