المرصد السوري لحقوق الانسان
The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

Biden-Putin summit | Mutual talks will cover life issues of millions of Syrians

The administration of US President Joe Biden hasn’t yet unveiled its stand towards the Syrian crisis or its strategy to end the continuous struggle, or even to make a settlement based on the UN resolutions, most prominent of which is decision number 2254.
The US policy is foggy in dealing with the Syrian thorny issue. Non-recognition of the legitimacy of the recently run-presidential election was the only clear US policy for Syria, but Washington doesn’t take any firm stance that could change rules of the Syrian complicated issue at the military and the political levels.
Whoever monitor the situation in Syria would realize the Biden administration hasn’t yet taken any decision and hasn’t imposed any sanctions neither on the regime or other sides, except for just maintaining the presence of its forces in north and east Euphrates on pretext of protecting the oil facilities.
The Syrians are looking forward to the Biden-Putin summit in Geneva tomorrow, hoping the two leaders would discuss the issue of closing Bab al-Hawa crossing that its concession will end in next July. The Syrians also are awaiting the meeting of the UNSC to renew voting on resolution number 2533 that stipulates allowing the humanitarian aid flows to Syrian from the Turkish-Syrian border from Bab al-Hawa crossing on the opposite side of Idlib province.
It is worth noting that closing al-Hawa crossing will constitute a humanitarian crisis for more than three million Syrians who live in northwest Syria.
An opposition activist, sheikh Ma’ashoush al-Khazounwy told SOHR in an exclusive interview, “Be certain that the Syrian people are orphans with no support. Since the first cry of the people in 2011 for their freedom and honorable living, they faced conspiracy and negligence. After ten years, the Syrians still suffer the severest process of torture, punishment and cleansing by the authoritarian regime in Damascus and its proxies. The people have even suffered a battle of existence and their living conditions were threatened by closing the last border crossing that allows the access of the Syrian UN aid.”
He added, “Putin, an ally of al-Assad, insists on punishing the Syrians by letting them suffering hunger by closing the crossing that enters the humanitarian aid as well as COVID-19 vaccines and necessary medical supplies and humanitarian aid for several needed people.”
According to al-Khazounwy, “Bab al-Hawa is the only remained crossing for access of the UN aid to more than three million Syrians, most of whom are women and children and any threats to close it constitute a threat for the life of that big number.”
He stressed that “closing Bab al-Hawa means the world would face an unprecedented humanitarian severe crisis.”
The opposition activist pointed out that “the US administration is confronting a real test either to prove its credibility to the Syrian people in particular and the world in general,” adding we look forward to intensifying efforts of Washington and aspire its success in impacting Moscow decision during Putin-Biden meeting.
Al-Khazounwy believes that the “success of Biden-Putin summit, that would be crowned by opening the crossing, will boost aspirations of millions of the people who have been suffering woes of the war.”
However, if the Russian side persists in causing hunger for the Syrians, Washington and the international society should adhere to their responsibility towards women and children who suffers the death of hunger, he added.
On the other hand, Shoukry Shiakhany, chairman of the Syrian Reform Movement, told the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, “Bab al-Hawa or the other crossings couldn’t be closed forever, otherwise, it would be a mistake and crime against the living conditions and earnings of the people.”
Undoubtedly, amid promoting the understandings and coordination with other countries, there will be a breakthrough with regard to the crossing conditions, he said.
“The Middle East and Syria look forward to tomorrow’s summit in particular. Such meetings are governed by results,” Shiakhany said expecting that “the issue of north and east Syria will occupy the lion’s share in the discussion.”
He explained out that most of the Syrian people and most of the opposition platforms have fed up with the Russian and Iranian stands and they are waiting for a US clear and transparent stand.
“There is optimism regarding the new US administration concerning the Syrian file that couldn’t be settled without complete European-US consensus,” Shiakhany told SOHR.
He sees the US as a democratic country and its policies are announced and governed by institutions, not by an individual like the dictator Russia or the authoritarian regimes, where the ruler is concluding deals once with Iran and another with Turkey.
Meanwhile, some observants fear the Chinese-Russian veto in the coming meeting of the UNSC against prolonging the access of aid via Bab al-Hawa, through which the shipment of international relief and commodities are offered to the population in the Syrian opposition-controlled areas in Idlib and some of Aleppo districts.
It is worth noting that the controversial Bab al-Hawa crossing has been controlled by the opposition after being snatched from the Syrian regime forces on June 19, 2012 during one of the battles that were erupted in northwestern Syria at the time when the Syrian revolution was transformed from a civil movement to armed one.

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