المرصد السوري لحقوق الانسان
The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

SOHR:The Syrian Fourth Division on the borders of Lebanon.. “narrowing and royalties” and protection for drug trafficking

n conjunction with reports reported by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, that the Fourth Division of the Syrian regime’s army, headed by Maher al-Assad, brother of Bashar al-Assad, President of the Syrian regime, had received a number of checkpoints operated by the National Defense Forces, at the border with Lebanon, the observatory said, Other activists said that the division’s soldiers began “imposing royalties on the people.”

The observatory said that the division’s soldiers take these royalties on the pretext that “the farmers in the areas of Rankous, Qara and Assal al-Ward in the western Qalamoun of Damascus countryside are making huge profits from smuggling operations to and from Lebanon.”

The Fourth Division has been subjected to similar accusations by Syrian activists over the past months.

The observatory says that “the elements of the fourth are imposing 50,000 Syrian pounds, equivalent to 14 US dollars, on farmers’ cars per week, in exchange for allowing them to move freely.”

The observatory, citing its “activists”, indicates that military leaders from the “Fourth Division” met with some drug dealers in the area, and stipulated that they pay royalties in exchange for allowing them to trade.

drugs

A report by the Syrian Observatory, published last July, says that Syria has turned from a “transit country” for drugs to a “manufacturing and transit country”, with the help of factors including the entry of Hezbollah militants and Iranian-backed militias into the country.

A report by Syria TV said that “Syria is a drug state with respect to two main drugs: the narcotic hashish and the stimulant “amphetamine/captagon”.

The report, published last May, described Syria as “the global center for Captagon production”, and that it “is now more industrialized, adapted and technologically advanced than ever before.”

The report also said that the value of Captagon exports from Syria in 2020 amounted to no less than 3.46 billion US dollars.

The Observatory’s report says, “A cheap drug industry has emerged in Syria at the hands of drug dealers and the illegal authority. The smuggling networks have multiplied and their directions diversified, and the matter has been further complicated by the state of security chaos witnessed in most of the Syrian regions, which made this trade a normal and easy thing to trade in front of. publicly, in flagrant violation of all international conventions.

Syria and Lebanon

While Lebanon is suffering from a severe economic crisis, many international research centers fear that the Middle Eastern country will turn into a transit station for the drug trade made in Syria to the rest of the world.

In December 2020, the Italian authorities announced the confiscation of the “largest drug shipment in the world”, which it said came from “Syria and Hezbollah”, with a value of about one billion dollars.

Italy seized a billion-dollar drug shipment “belonging to Hezbollah and the Assad regime.”

The Italian Financial Crimes Unit provided details of a drug shipment coming from Syria that was seized last summer in an operation described as the largest of its kind in the world.

This concern is reinforced by the relative ease with which various smuggling operations take place between Lebanon and Syria, and the fact that the parties believed to facilitate this trade, such as armed groups and military and paramilitary forces, have significant influence in the two countries, and coordinate with sponsoring groups in Iran and Iraq.

A report by the British Guardian newspaper says that “the manufacture of Captagon in the heart of the Syrian regime has become one of the stories of modern business in Syria, and the developing industry has become so large and complex that it is beginning to compete with the GDP of the economy itself.”

Syria and Lebanon

While Lebanon is suffering from a severe economic crisis, many international research centers fear that the Middle Eastern country will turn into a transit station for the drug trade made in Syria to the rest of the world.

In December 2020, the Italian authorities announced the confiscation of the “largest drug shipment in the world”, which it said came from “Syria and Hezbollah”, with a value of about one billion dollars.

Italy seized a billion-dollar drug shipment “belonging to Hezbollah and the Assad regime.”

The Italian Financial Crimes Unit provided details of a drug shipment coming from Syria that was seized last summer in an operation described as the largest of its kind in the world.

This concern is reinforced by the relative ease with which various smuggling operations take place between Lebanon and Syria, and the fact that the parties believed to facilitate this trade, such as armed groups and military and paramilitary forces, have significant influence in the two countries, and coordinate with sponsoring groups in Iran and Iraq.

A report by the British Guardian newspaper says that “the manufacture of Captagon in the heart of the Syrian regime has become one of the stories of modern business in Syria, and the developing industry has become so large and complex that it is beginning to compete with the GDP of the economy itself.”

Every year, many people are killed in the two countries due to drug-related conflicts, according to the observatory.

The observatory says that Daraa, which the Syrian regime recently entered, is witnessing a “large spread of drugs, and frequent killings of drug dealers and promoters.”

The observatory says that the regime “does not care” about the increase in the spread of drugs, as you can “buy hashish and narcotic pills openly in the Syrian capital and its countryside, and in an area like Al-Baramkeh and Qalamoun.”

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