SOHR exclusive | “International community’s inaction a major reason behind hindering political process in Syria… Kurdish-Kurdish dialogue won’t be resumed after the failure of earlier three rounds” says Abdullah Kado, member of SNC political commission • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

SOHR exclusive | “International community’s inaction a major reason behind hindering political process in Syria… Kurdish-Kurdish dialogue won’t be resumed after the failure of earlier three rounds” says Abdullah Kado, member of SNC political commission

As the Syrian opposition seeks to rearrange its ranks after years of division, especially after the failure of different negotiations to reach a political settlement in Syria based on UN Resolutions, particularly the Resolution No. 2254, attention is now turning to the up coming “Doha Conference” which the opposition sees as a new start for reaching a lasting solution and potential stoppage of the bloodshed in Syria.


In an exclusive SOHR interview with a member of the political commission of the Syrian National Coalition (SNC) and a member of the political commission of the Yekiti Party, Abdullah Kado confirms that this body of opposition -he means SNC- is proceeding with this co-operative and shared national experience which is based on political, ideological and national pluralism and diversity,  preserving the major principles that the Syrian National Coalition believes in.



Q: There are reports on efforts aiming to make changes in the Syrian National Coalition, improve its working mechanism and bring it back to its rightful place among international and popular actors through altering its system, replacing some political groupings inside the Coalition and rehabilitating its ties with the international community. Do you think this step will succeed? What obstacles may this step face? And what are the prospects of these changes?


A: In the beginning, I would like to emphasise that the point of “bringing the Coalition back to its rightful place among international and popular actors” is mainly related to the “periodic” importance of the Syrian crisis for the policies of effective international and regional actors, which is based on joint interests of these actors. It is not related only to the association or efficiency of the opponent powers and national Syrian opposition, the Syrian National Coalition in particular. Accordingly, the efforts by SNC which seeks to renew its system organising the working mechanism of the Coalition’s members, commissions and institutions stem from the ambition of the Coalition’s members who see that their Coalition should be a perfect workshop for its members.


The Syrian National Coalition, as a co-operative national experience, is based on political, ideological, regional, cultural and national diversity and pluralism, and the Syrians have never managed to form such big and diverse association. However, the performance of the Coalition has yet to reach a level meeting the ambition of its members, constituents and the people of our homeland, whom the Coalition considers its popular base.


I would like to point out that the replacement of the Coalition’s members and constituents indicates the live and dynamic interaction by the Coalition with the conditions and requirements of the political and organisational action. That, therefore, requires change and improvement of the “system” which is supposed to lead to concerted efforts which enable the Coalition to maintain specific standards of the diversity of the Coalition’s constituents that are agreeing on a notional agenda, so that a democratic change, for which the Syrian people had revolted over ten years ago, becomes reachable.



Q: After the latest fluctuation, how can the ranks of the Syrian opposition be unified, especially after being scattered for years due to specific stances which have weakened its popular base?


A: We listen to the opinions of national Syrian figures, parties and movements opposing the Syrian regime regarding the importance of benefiting from the international recognition of the Syrian National Coalition and Negotiating Commission, as the Syrian crisis will never reach an end except through a political settlement based on international resolutions. Accordingly, it is important to start a dialogue among all notional parties complying with the principles of  democratic change which excludes the regime which is accused of “using all types of weapons, including chemical weapons, against the Syrian people,” and the Coalition encourages starting such dialogue.



Q: How can you respond to those who see the Coalition’s stance towards the political process unstable and changeable over other accounts?


A: Since it was formed, the Coalition has never changed its stance, as it has all along been demanding a democratic change in Syria through fair elections, after securing safe and stable environment which leads to a voluntary return of displaced people and guarantees the right of Syrian people of all backgrounds to participate in this change in accordance with UN Resolution No. 2254.



Q: There are reports on an imminent announcement by the Syrian opposition on forming the “Revolutionary Council of Aleppo Province and Countryside”, how much of this is true? And what are the objectives of such council?


A: The Coalition supports the formation of political, revolutionary, civil, human rights, cultural and social entities in general throughout Syria.



Q: In your opinion, what are the real reasons behind hindering the political process in Syria? And is inaction by the international community and major powers, including the USA and states of west Europe, one of these reasons?


Of course, the indifference by the international community, especially effective actors like the USA, countries of the European Union and Arab countries, to side with the oppressed Syrian people and turning “blind eye” to the atrocities committed by the Syrian regime, its allies and supporters against the Syrians who only dreamt of getting rid of that tyrant were most prominent reasons behind hindering the political process in Syria.



Q: There are reports of US efforts to resume the Kurdish-Kurdish dialogue to settle the disagreements between the two sides, the “Kurdish National Council” (ENKS) and the “Democratic Union Party” (PYD), do you think these efforts will be fruitful?


A: The Kurdish-Kurdish dialogue won’t be resumed after the failure of earlier three rounds with the “Democratic Union Party” refusing other parties, including the “Kurdish National Council”, to share control of that region. Such rejection has manifested itself in the consensus between PYD and the Syrian regime which ENKS has refused to individually negotiate with since the beginning of the Syrian Revolution. Accordingly, there is no hope that this dialogue will come with desired results, unless the USA exerts pressure on PYD to force it to severe its ties with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) which has been allied with the Syrian and Iranian regimes since it was formed. This contravenes considerably with the objectives the USA has mentioned regarding the strengthening and unifying the Syrian opposition, including the Kurdish opposition which is a part of the Syrian National Coalition and the Syrian Negotiating Commission.



Q: In your opinion, why does the Syrian regime refuse to start dialogues with the Autonomous Administration, although the Autonomous Administration expressed its readiness on several occasions and on no conditions?


A: The Syrian regime refuses to start dialogues with the Autonomous Administration for being related to PYD which has announced in its party literature that it adheres to the philosophy of the founder of PKK, Abdullah Ocalan, and one of the tasks of the party is to set him free, especially since the PKK founder has been all along stressing his strategic alliance with the Syrian regime, and he has called for supporting the “Syrian-Iranian-Libyan Trilateral Revolutionary Coalition.” Moreover, Ocalan has called upon the Syrian Kurds to leave their areas in Syria and return to the “alleged homeland” in Turkey, and he has confirmed his agreement with the Syrian government regarding this return. These views and believes were represented in an interview by Nabil Melhem with Ocalan dubbed “Seven Days with Apo”.


On the other hand, the Syrian regime had agreed with PYD, with the first spark of the Syrian Revolution, on letting PYD administrate the Kurdish region in return for supporting the Syrian regime and prosecuting and repressing regime opponents who participated in the demonstrations, on condition that PYD bring back the weapons and equipment provided by the Syrian regime. However, the formation of the US-led International Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, with PYD joining the International Coalition’s project, has turned the table on the Syrian regime which saw this step as a “rebellion.”


Also, the Syrian regime is not ready to make any concessions under democratic understandings which negates and contradicts its structure and policy. Furthermore, the Syrian regime is aware of the fact that the Autonomous Administration will not take any steps against its will, especially since the leader of PKK, Cemil Bayik, has stated that he would never allow any disagreements to take place with Al-Assad’s family which hosted “their president” Abdullah Ocalan for two decades. Accordingly, the Syrian regime sees that there is no need to start any dialogues or make concessions serving the Democratic Union Party’s interests.

You might also like

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More