SOHR: Up to 45,000 displaced since ISIS attack on Syria prison
Kurdish forces had moved armoured vehicles inside the main prison yard, ahead of a possible attempt to storm the facility.
Up to 45,000 people fled their homes in a Syrian city where battles between Kurdish forces and jihadists have raged for days following a prison attack, the UN said Monday.
“Up to 45,000 people have been displaced from their homes” in Hasakeh city since the Islamic State (ISIS) group launched an attack on the Ghwayran prison last Thursday, said the UN humanitarian agency OCHA.
Kurdish forces geared up Monday for an assault on a prison in north-eastern Syria that ISIS fighters stormed last week, sparking fears over the fate of hundreds of under-age detainees.
ISIS fighters on Thursday rammed two explosives-packed vehicles into the Kurdish-run Ghwayran prison to launch a brazen jailbreak operation that has plunged the city of Hasakeh into chaos.
The attack, the group’s biggest since their once-sprawling proto-state was defeated in 2019, has already killed more than 150 people, including more than 100 among jihadist ranks.
Fighting drove thousands of residents of Syria’s largest Kurdish city to flee, but the violence receded on Monday, with the presence of hundreds of children inside the prison complicating an assault.
The Britain-based group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said elite Kurdish forces had moved armoured vehicles inside the main prison yard, ahead of a possible attempt to storm the facility.
ISIS fighters were holed up in one building on the northern side of the prison after “dozens of jihadists surrendered to Kurdish forces” in recent hours, according to the war monitoring group.
Farhad Shami, a spokesman for the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), said several ISIS members had handed themselves over following an SDF raid inside the jail.
A correspondent in the area saw buses and military vehicles transferring what appeared to be ISIS fighters out of the prison.
The autonomous Kurdish authorities running the region imposed a state of emergency across Hasakeh, after at least seven civilians were caught in the crossfire and killed.
According to rights groups and the United Nations, more than 700 minors are thought to be held in Ghwayran, a former school converted into a detention facility which is badly overcrowded, housing at least 3,500 suspected ISIS members.
“These children are effectively trapped in Ghwayran prison,” said Sara Kayyali, Syria researcher at the group Human Rights Watch.
HRW heard voice messages from an injured minor at Ghwayran who reported “there are dead bodies everywhere,” Kayyali said.
“It’s not clear if they have any kind of medical assistance,” Kayyali added, explaining that most of the minors were aged between 12 and 18.
Another group, Save the Children, said it had also received audio testimony indicating that “there have already been multiple child deaths and casualties.”
It said the minors in Ghwayran are from dozens of foreign countries, as well as Syria and Iraq.
The SDF, the autonomous Kurdish authorities’ de facto army, charged ISIS attackers were using children as human shields to prevent an assault.
The jihadist group “continues to hold children hostage and is using them as human shields to protect themselves,” the SDF said in a statement.
Eva Hinds, a spokeswoman for UN children’s agency UNICEF, said the plight of the trapped minors, around ten percent of whom are believed to be 15 or younger, was a source of “grave concern.”
“The SDF initially allocated a special section for children,” Hinds said. “Many of them have adult relatives inside and have since joined them in other sections.”
The US forces based in the region, who were the main support in the Kurdish offensives that put thousands of jihadists into custody three years ago, were heavily deployed in Hasakeh.
US-led coalition helicopters were flying overhead as a full curfew was enforced across the city, a correspondent reported.
“If ISIS is using these children as human shields and the SDF and the US-led coalition are trying to retake the prison, then the children are at incredible risk from both sides,” Kayyali said.
According to the Observatory war monitor, at least 154 people were killed since the attack was launched late on January 20.
Among them were 102 jihadists, 45 members of the Kurdish security forces and seven civilians, Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman said.
The attack on one of the biggest prisons in the region was seen by analysts as a sign that ISIS needs manpower to continue rebuilding following the demise of its “caliphate.”
While it is unclear how successful ISIS will have been at springing fighters from Ghwayran, the operation marks a new step in the jihadist organisation’s resurgence.
But observers also argued that while ISIS has trumpeted the attack on its propaganda channels and that it might provide a morale boost for ISIS sympathisers, it would do little to change the military balance on the ground.
Source: The Arab Weekly