The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

H*T*S escalated attacks in December 2022 | Hezb*ollah commander and member and 45 regime soldiers and loyalists killed by H-T-S

December 2022 saw a dramatic escalation of attacks by “Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham” and factions operating under their banners in Putin-Erdogan area.

HTS military escalation has coincided with the Turkish rapprochement with the regime and the recent announcement by the Turkish President of his readiness to meet with Bashar Al-Assad.

Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) has launched 30 operations, immersion, sniping and repelling infiltration attempts, leading to the death of a leader of Lebanese Hezbollah and his two escorts and 45 regime forces and their loyalists.

The last days of December saw angry protests in most areas of northern Syria, denouncing the recent meeting in Moscow that included the regime’s defence minister and his Turkish counterpart, during which several issues concerning Syria were discussed, most notably the return of refugees, cooperation, and the issue of the SDF in northern and eastern Syria.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) tracked and monitored attacks and operations carried out by HTS on regime forces since early December 2022. Here are further details of these attacks:

• December 2: A regime soldier was shot dead by “Al-Fath Mubin” sniper on the 46th regiment in western Aleppo countryside.

• December 3: A lieutenant of the regime forces was shot dead by Al-Fath Al-Mubin sniper on the frontline in southern Idlib countryside in “Putin-Erdogan” area.

• December 6: A regime soldier was killed in an attack by factions of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operation rooms with heavy machineguns on a regime military position at Al-Barij frontline in southern Idlib countryside within “De-Escalation Zone.”

• December 7: Regime forces executed a sneak operation on military checkpoints of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operation room on Sahl Al-Ghab frontline in western Hama countryside, where clashes erupted between both sides and led to the death of an HTS member and a regime soldier.

• December 11: “Al-Fatah Al-Mubin” operations room factions managed to repel an attempt by regime forces to advance on the frontlines of Urm Al-Soughra town in the western countryside of Aleppo after clashes between the parties, amid reports of casualties among regime forces.

• December 11: A regime soldier died of the wounds he sustained in a military attack by “Moaawiyah Bin Abi Sofyan” Luwaa of HTS on a regime military position in Al-Bayda village in Jabal Al-Turkman at frontlines of northern Lattakia countryside.

• December 13: Violent clashes erupted, coinciding with exchanged artillery shelling, between factions of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operation room and regime forces at the western frontlines of Saraqib city near the intersection of M4 and M5 roads in Idlib countryside.

• December 14: A regime soldier was shot dead by a sniper of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room faction on the frontline of Saraqib town in the eastern Idlib countryside.

• December 15: Al-Fath Al-Mubin operations room factions fired Soltam K6, targeting a group of regime forces on the frontline of Al-Sheikh A’qeel in the western countryside of Aleppo, amid reports of casualties.

• December 17: “Putin-Erdogan” area witnessed exchanged attacks with heavy machineguns between “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” and regime forces on Kabana frontline in Jabal Al-Akrad northern of Lattakia.

• December 17: Members of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” factions fired shells on a regime military position on the 46th Regiment in western Aleppo countryside.

• December 17: A regime soldier was shot dead by factions of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” on Qobtan Al-Jabal frontline in western Aleppo countryside.

• December 17: A regime soldier was shot dead by a sniper of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” member on Kafr Umm frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo, after the attempted infiltration was repelled.

• December 17: “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room factions managed to repel an attempted infiltration of regime forces on Kafr Umm frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo and fired mortars and heavy machine guns on regime forces.

• December 17: Members of “Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas Brigade” of Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) carried out an infiltration operation targeting a military position of the regime forces on the frontline of Qubtan Al-Jabal in western countryside of Aleppo, amid reports of deaths and injuries.

• December 18: Three regime soldiers were killed in an operation carried out by Talha bin Ubayd Allah brigade of Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham, which targeted positions of the regime forces on Al-Arbikh frontline in eastern Idlib countryside.

• December 19: “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room factions managed to repel an attempted infiltration of regime forces on Kafr Umm frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo and fired mortars and heavy machine guns on regime forces.

• December 20: A lieutenant was killed following an attempted infiltration of regime forces on the positions of Al-Fath Al-Mubin factions on Bastaron frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo within “De-Escalation Zone.”

• December 20: A soldier was killed after being targeted on the frontline of Sahl Al-Ghab area in western Hama countryside by Al-Fath Al-Mubin operations room factions.

• December 22: members of Sa’ad bin Zaid Brigade of Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham managed to repel an infiltration attempt by regime forces on the frontline of Al-Fatirah in Jabal Al-Zawiya in the southern Idlib countryside in Putin-Erdogan area. This came after violent clashes and exchange of mortar shells between HTS members and regime forces that lasted until dawn, amid reports of casualties.

• December 22: Violent clashes with medium and heavy weapons erupted between the factions of Al-Fath Al-Mubin operations room and the regime forces on Maarat Moukhs frontline in the southern Idlib countryside.

• December 22: An officer and a regime soldier were killed in a sneak operation by regime forces on HTS positions on frontlines of Al-Fatera village in Jabal Al-Zawiyah in southern Idlib countryside. Moreover, two HTS members were killed in the sneak operation.

• December 22: Six regime soldiers were killed in two suicide attacks by battalions of Bin Al-Walid of HTS, on Maara Mokhas and Al-Barij frontlines in southern Idlib countryside, while an HTS member was killed during the clashes.

• December 23: Two regime soldiers were shot dead by “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” sniper on Saraqib frontline in the eastern countryside of Idlib.

• December 24: Three regime soldiers were killed by artillery shelling fired by “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” on regime positions in Al-Fatirah village.
A regime soldier was also injured while planting landmines on frontline of southern Idlib countryside in Putin-Erdogan area.

• December 24: Two regime soldiers were killed by snipers of the factions of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room and “Ahrar Al-Sham” movement in two separate operations on Maarat Mukhas frontlies south of Idlib and the 111th regiment west of Aleppo, in “Putin-Erdogan” area.

• December 24: Two regime soldiers were shot dead by a sniper of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room on Saraqib frontline in the eastern countryside of Idlib.

• December 25: A regime soldier was shot dead by Al-Fath Al-Mubin factions on Al-Haddada frontline in Latakia countryside.

• December 28: A regime soldier was killed by sniper of “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room on the 111th regiment frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo in “Putin-Erdogan” area.

• December 29: A sniper of Al-Fath Al-Mubin operations room factions shot dead a regime soldier on thefrontline of Al-Ruwaihah village in the southern countryside of Idlib. Another sniper was shot dead by Ahrar Al-Sham faction in the western countryside of Aleppo in the “Putin-Erdogan” area. “

• December 29: Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham destroyed a vehicle carrying regime soldiers on the 46th regiment frontline in the western countryside of Aleppo with a guided missile, killing one soldier and wounding others in an initial death toll.

• December 30: A Lebanese Hezbollah commander and his escort were killed by a vehicle in which they were travelling with a guided missile fired by Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham members in the 46th regiment in the western countryside of Aleppo.

• December 31: Al-Fath Al-Mubin operations room and the factions operating in the north-western Hama countryside fired artillery shells and heavy machine guns on the positions and gatherings of the regime forces in the villages of Al-Baraka, Al-Bahsa, Qal’at Mirza and the Jorin area of Sahl Al-Ghab, north-west of Hama.

 

It is worth noting that Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) leads the so-called “Al-Fath Al-Mubin” operations room of several jihadist factions and groups and is active in Putin-Erdogan area. The frontlines with the regime forces see the exchange of ground bombardment, sniping, lightning operations and occasional infiltration attempts.