The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

Regime-controlled areas in April 2024 | Over 250 fatalities in acts of violence…12 infightings, assassinations and attacks…161 kidnaps and arbitrary arrests

SOHR renews its appeal to the international community to intensify its efforts to end the Syrian people’s suffering

Regime-controlled areas experienced scores of dramatic developments in April 2024, including an alarming escalation of violence, worsening living conditions, tightening security grip and ongoing arbitrary arrests.


The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) has monitored and tracked all key developments in regime-controlled areas in the past month, which can be summarised in the following main points:



Acts of violence leave many casualties


In April 2024, regime-controlled areas experienced an alarming escalation of acts of violence that left many casualties, where SOHR documented the death of 251 people across areas controlled by the Syrian regime and affiliated militias; the deaths are as follows:



Civilian fatalities


75 civilians, including 15 children and eight women. Here are further details of the circumstances of these deaths:


  • Nine civilians, including two women and one child, were killed by explosions of old ordnance.


  • 26 civilians, including a child and four woman, were murdered.


  • 24 civilians, including a woman and 11 children, were killed in incidents of security disorder in Daraa.


  • Three civilians died under torture in regime prisons.


  • A woman and her son were killed in an Israeli attack.


  • Seven civilians, including a child, were killed in indiscriminate gunfire.


  • One civilian was killed in explosions.


  • One civilian was killed by SDF.


  • One civilian was killed by regime forces.


  • One civilian was killed in unknown circumstances.



Non-civilian fatalities


-107 members of regime forces and their proxy militias:


  • 70 killed by ISIS.


  • 26 killed by rebels and jihadists.


  • Six killed in incidents of security disorder in Daraa province.


  • Four shot dead by unknown gunmen.


  • One killed by an IED explosion.


-28 Iranian-backed militiamen:


  • Nine non-Syrian militiamen were killed in Israeli strikes.


  • Five Syrian militiamen were killed in Israeli strikes.


  • 12 Syrian militiaman were assassinated.


  • Two Iraqi militiamen were assassinated.


-37 gunmen:


  • 30 killed in incidents of security disorder in Daraa province.


  • Three shot dead by unknown gunmen.


  • Four killed by the Jordanian border guards.


-Four ISIS members:


  • Three killed in Russian airstrikes.


  • One killed in an incident of security disorder in Daraa province.



Kidnappings and arbitrary arrests


As regime security and intelligence services continue their repression, SOHR activists documented, in April, the arrest of at least 129 civilians, including a woman, as well as the kidnapping of 32 other civilians, including a child.


A regional breakdown of arbitrary arrests is as follows:


  • Deir Ezzor: 28 people.


  • Rif Dimashq: 36 people.


  • Damascus: 19 people.


  • Daraa: 20 people.


  • Aleppo: Nine persons.


  • Homs: 16 people.


  • Al-Suwaidaa: One woman.


A regional breakdown of kidnaps is as follows:


  • Daraa: 11 people.


  • Homs: 16 people.


  • Al-Suwaidaa: Five persons.



Crime rate is on the rise


Regime-held areas have recently experienced an alarming escalation of crime rate, in light of the regime security services’ failure to put an end to the state of disorder and rampant security chaos in all Syrian provinces.


The Syrian Observatory documented 23 murder crimes in regime-controlled areas in Apeil 2024, where domestic violence and armed robbery were behind some of these murders, while motivations behind the others remained unknown. These murder crimes left 26 fatalities: a child, four women and 21 men. The murder crimes and fatalities they left are distributed regionally as follows:


  • Daraa: Seven murder crimes left six men and a child dead.


  • Al-Suwaidaa: Two murder crimes left two men dead.


  • Rif Dimashq: Seven murder crimes left seven men and three women dead.


  • Homs: One murder crime left a man dead.


  • Hama: One murder crime left a man dead.


  • Latakia: One murder crime left a man dead.


  • Tartus: Two murder crimes left two men dead.


  • Aleppo: Two murder crimes left a man and a woman dead.



Daraa “the cradle of the Syrian Revolution:” Security chaos noticeably escalates


Incidents of security disorder, mainly armed attacks, in Daraa province continued in April 2024, where SOHR documented 37 attacks in different areas throughout Daraa province. These attacks left 62 people dead; they are as follows:


  • 24 civilians, including a woman and 11 children.


  • Six regime soldiers, members and collaborators with regime security services.


  • Four individuals accused of involving in drug business.


  • One ISIS member.


  • 26 members of local factions.


  • A collaborator with the Lebanese Hezbollah.



15 infightings and assassinations and attacks target combatants


In April, SOHR documented two infightings and ten assassinations and attacks which targeted members of regime forces and security services in Al-Hasakah, Hama, Damascus, Rif Dimashq, Al-Quneitra and Homs provinces. Those attacks and infightings left six persons, including two officers, dead and others injured.



Civilians’ sufferings continues


Residents in regime-controlled areas have been still struggling with dreadful living conditions in light of the skyrocketing prices of essential products, freefall of the Syrian currency and law salaries and wages. Moreover, the regime’s government continue to issue mover unjust and illogic decisions further burdening civilians.


In this context, regime government raised the price of fuels once again to a level unaffordable by the many and does not meet the low incomes of Syrian people. The prices of some types of fuels increased as follows:


  • Petrol (Octane 90): 12,00 SYP per litre.


  • Petrol (Octane 95): 14,870 SYP per litre.


  • Duty free diesel: 12,425 SYP per litre.


Many residents commented on the latest increase in fuel prices, expressing their deep discontent over the dreadful living conditions, at a time when the regime’s government continues it indifference regarding the disastrous situation in regime-controlled areas. The residents stressed that the prices set by the government are not logic and accused merchants and shop keepers of intentionally raise prices, stockpiling goods and being not complied with the prices set by the government.


It is worth noting that regime government raised the prices of fuels several times since early 2024, where every increase in fuel prices has led to raising the prices of all food products, fees of transportation and services.



Ongoing uprising in Al-Swuaidaa


As residents from Jabal Al-Arab area continue their peaceful protests in Al-Suwaidaa, calling for toppling Bashar Al-Assad, applying political transition pf power, enhancing the concept of the decentralization and implementing the International Resolution No. 2254, peaceful demonstrations staged in Al-Suwaidaa city centre on a daily basis in April.


During those protests, demonstrators chanted anti-regime slogans and lifted placards with slogans written on them.


Al-Suwaidaa movement has recently issued a statement about the policies practiced by the regime forces recently, against those demanding the rule of law and citizenship and the implementation of International Resolution 2254, rejecting the recent measures through which the regime forces seek to entrench them in the region, especially after pushing security reinforcements towards the region and establishing military checkpoints to intimidate people. The residents of Al-Suwaidaa rejected the reinforcements in the statement and explained that the reinforcements and the establishment of security checkpoints are intended to intimidate and discourage them from continuing their peaceful movement.



Drones attacks continue in regime-controlled areas


The phenomenon of attacking different positions in regime-controlled areas with drones affiliated to rebels and jihadists continued in April, where SOHR reported two rounds of drone attacks and/or flights by drones over regime positions in Aleppo in the past month. Regime air-defences managed to foil the attacks and shot down several drones, while no casualties were reported.



Ongoing Israeli attacks


As Israel continues infringing upon Syria’s sovereignty, SOHR documented six attacks in April: three airstrikes and three rocket attacks by ground forces. Those attacks destroyed nearly 12 targets, including buildings, weapons and ammunitions warehouses, headquarters, centres and vehicles, and killed 14 combatants and injured six others. The fatalities are distributed as follows:


  • Eight Iranian militiamen of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps.


  • One member of the Lebanese Hezbollah.


  • Five Iranian-backed non-Syrian militiamen.


In addition, a woman and her son were killed in Israeli strikes in April.


The Israeli attacks in Syrian territory in April are distributed regionally as follows:


  • Damascus and Rif Dimashq: One attack.


  • Daraa: Five attacks.


  • Al-Quneitra: One attack.



The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) has been all along warning against the repercussions of the crippling chronic crises and security chaos in regime-controlled areas and elsewhere in Syria, with only the Syrian regime to blame for the disastrous situation Syria is in right now. We, at the Syrian Observatory, call upon all international actors not to abandon their responsibility and obligations towards the people of Syria and urge them to find a lasting solution to the tragedy of millions of Syrians and bring Al-Assad, his affiliates and all those responsible for violations and those who aided and abetted the killing of Syrian people to justice.