The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

The first 12 hours of the Syrian south truce ends, the last hour witnessed violations between provinces of Daraa and Quneitra

The Russian-American-Jordanian truce ended its first 12 hours, the truce was started at 12 pm on Sunday the 9th of June 2017, where the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented calmness in the provinces of Al-Suwaidaa, Daraa and Quneitra, interspersed in the last hour by shelling by the regime forces with two shells landed in Sayda town in the eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor, as well as exchange of shelling between a rebel faction and the regime forces in Naemeh town and its surroundings in the same countryside, in addition to the fall of 2 shells on areas in Daraa al-Balad, the mid-sector countryside of Al-Quneitra has also witnessed an exchange of targeting using heavy machine guns between the regime forces and the factions in the areas of Khan Arnabah, Al-Samadaniyah, MasHara and the road to Jebbata al-Khashab, and information about the injury of a person in Saida town.

It should be noted that in al-Suwaidaa province there are Jaysh al-Asha’er, Ahmad al-Abdu Forces and Jaysh Usud al-Sharqiyyah, while the southern factions which supported by regional and international parties in Daraa Province, including Jaysh al-Yarmouk, Hamzah Brigade, Umari Brigade, the Islamic movement of Ahrar al-Sham, Hayyaat Ta Harir al-Sham, Soqur al-Islam Brigade, Ahrar Nawa Division, al-Haramain Brigade, Fajr al-Umma Division, al-Moataz Billah Brigade, Shabab al-Sunnah Brigade, Mujahidee Horan Brigades, Ababil Horan, Usud al-Sunni Division, Bayt al-Maqdes Group, Shuhada’a al-Huriyah Brigade, Jaysh al-Moataz and other factions, while in Al-Quneitra Province there are Jabhat Thowwar Syria, al-Ezz Brigade, Hayyaat Tahrir al-Sham, the Islamic Movement of Ahrar al-Sham, Forsan al-Golan Brigade, al-Nasser Salah al-Din Brigade, al-Sebtayn Brigade, 46th Infantry Brigades and Ansar al-Islam Front, while in Yarmouk Basin area in the western countryside of Daraa is controlled by Jaysh Khalid Ibn al-Walid who swore allegiance to the “Islamic State” Organization.

Reliable sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that the agreement also provides for an item which is deploying Russian military police forces in the cease-fire areas in the three provinces of the agreement, to oversee the cease-fire and carry out the truce, while the factions operating in the Desert of al-Suwaidaa which is interconnected with the southeast of Rif Dimashq reported that they have not been informed by any party regional or international about a cease-fire in the Syrian south, also the SOHR obtained information from reliable sources that the agreement provides for the withdrawal of the regime forces and their allied militiamen and the rebel and Islamic factions from contact lines in all areas, the deployment of the regime’s internal security forces in these lines whereas the rebel and Islamic factions participating in the agreement will be assigned the task of protecting all public and private establishments. In addition, it also stipulates the departure of all those unwilling to participate in the agreement, the full withdrawal of the regime’s allied militiamen – of non-Syrian nationalities, preparation of the infrastructure necessary for the return of refugees from Jordan successively, holding municipal elections and granting municipalities broad powers, and finally the delivery of humanitarian aid to the areas that abide by the ceasefire. The SOHR published on the 17th of June 2017 that a Russian-American-Jordanian truce was put into effect in Daraa Province and was extended till the 20th of June but came to an end as a result of the renewed aerial and artillery shelling by the regime forces and their allied militiamen, helicopters and warplanes.