المرصد السوري لحقوق الانسان
The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

The resettlement by the Turkish authorities continues to the people who have been displaced towards the Syrian North and more than 40 thousand persons have been settled in houses and Camps in Afrin area

With the continuation of preventing the displaced citizens  of Afrin area by the Turkish authorities from returning to their houses, villages, towns and farms, the Turkish authorities are continuing to resettle the displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta in Afrin area, and in the details monitored by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights; it has increased to 2500, the number of families which reached Afrin area controlled by the Turkish authorities and the “Euphrates Shield” Operation forces, and the intersected sources confirmed to the SOHR that more than 40% of the total number of people who have been resettled in Afrin, are families of fighters of the Eastern Ghouta’s factions, and the largest part is of families of Al-Rahman Corps’ fighters then of Jaysh Al-Islam, while the total number of families of the fighters of Ahrar Al-Sham Islamic movement of who have been resettled, does not exceed 50 families.

The sources also confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that the largest part of those who have been resettled in Afrin area, by the Turkish authorities, is of the families which have been displaced from the controlled areas of Al-Rahman Corps in Zamalka, Arbin and Jobar in the east of the capital Damascus and the south-western enclave of the Eastern Ghouta, according to the displacement deal between Al-Rahman Corps and Hayyaat Tahrir al-Sham on one hand, and the Russians and representatives of the regime on the other, while the resettlement process is still continuing, along with the tragic humanitarian situations of hundreds of thousands of displaced people of Afrin area, in the northern countryside of Aleppo, where those displaced people suffer from tragic humanitarian situations, deteriorating day after another, after the humanitarian organizations and the international concerned parties shut their eyes on those displaced people, and ignored their cries for help to reach a solution leads to their return to their houses which they have been displaced from.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has also monitored since late March 2018 and until today, the arrival of more than 90200 persons to the Syrian North, including thousands of fighters from the Eastern Ghouta, the Eastern Qalamoun, the south of Damascus, the southern countryside of Hama and the northern countryside of Homs, including more than 36700 persons came from the Eastern Ghouta, the Eastern Qalamoun and the south of Damascus to the camps of Afrin and both countryside of Hama and Homs, where they have been resettled in camps, farms and houses, including more than 2500 families of who have been resettled in houses, villages and towns in the countryside and the city of Afrin, in addition to about 3400 who have arrived from the northern countryside of Homs, in Jendires area in Afrin.

The Syrian Observatory monitored in the past few days, that The Turkish authorities resettled the displaced people of the Eastern Qalamoun and the Eastern Ghouta in Afrin area, after displacing hundreds of thousands of civilians out of it, by the military operation carried out by the Turkish Forces and the Syrian rebel and Islamic factions of the “Olive Branch” Operation, which was launched on the 20th of January 2018 until the 18th of March of the same year, where they completed on Sunday the 29th of April 2018, 6 weeks of controlling the entire area of Afrin, after an intense aerial and ground bombardment that left some 300 civilian casualties in addition to hundreds of wounded and also destroyed property of civilians, public facilities and infrastructure in the villages and towns of Afrin area and Afrin city, the SOHR also monitored the Turkish authorities operating in Afrin area taking the data of people entering Afrin area, particularly the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta, where their fingerprints and eye prints of the inhabitants of the area are recorded, as well as the full information about them, amid strict procedures for those entering and exiting the area, in addition to stopping and inspecting inhabitants of the area and those who remained and refused to get out of it, where they were searched, scrutinized and interrogated during their movement on the checkpoints of Afrin areas.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also obtained information on the 29th of April 2018, from several reliable sources, who confirmed to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that meetings have been taking place since about 10 days until now; between the Turkish authorities and leadership of Rahman Corps, about new arrangements being prepared and agreed on in Afrin area, the sources confirmed to the Observatory that the meetings that took place between the military, security and Sharia leadership of Rahman Corps and some judges; are about Rahman Corps’ preparing to be given the command of the police of Afrin area, in addition to opening Sharia and religious centers and institutes, and to be run by the former judges and Sharia men of Rahman Corps, amid calls for the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta to join the new police which will receive Afrin area.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published a few weeks ago that the people who have been settled in Afrin included the leader of Al-Rahman Corps (Abdul Nasr Shamir), and tens of the commanders and members of Al-Rahman Corps with their families, while hundreds of citizens of Ghouta displaced people, refused to move from Idlib to Afrin explaining that they refuse to settle in houses of residents who were forces to leave their areas and houses, and the transfer of the displaced people and settling them down in Jandairis area and other areas in Afrin, is coincided with information about preparations for opening an unofficial border crossing between the Turkish forces’ controlled areas in Afrin, and Iskenderun, after establishing a local committee to control Jandairis area, also the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published a few weeks ago that a meeting took place between the leadership of Al-Rahman Corps presented in the Syrian North and the Turkish intelligence, preparing for settling the fighters of Al-Rahman Corps and their families as well as other displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta, in Afrin area in the north-western part of Aleppo province, where the SOHR documented yesterday that the Turkish authorities transferred more than 150 families of the displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta and repatriate them in Afrin area, where these families settled in houses whose owners were displaced from as result of the attack of the Turkish forces and the Syrian opposition factions participating in “Olive Branch” Operation which started on the 20th of January 2018. The SOHR confirmed that the families are displaced people from areas controlled by Al-Rahman Corps and they arrived to the Syrian north in March, and in the same context, the same sources confirmed to the SOHR that many displaced people from the Eastern Ghouta of Damascus refused to settle in Afrin. They refused during talks held by the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta on their settlement in houses in Afrin area, where the Turkish forces provide them houses owned by people displaced from Afrin. The displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta expressed their resentment of this decision imposed by the Turkish authorities on the displaced people of Ghouta, through carrying out an organized demographic change by settling the displaced people of the Eastern Ghouta in houses owned by the displaced people of Afrin. They said that refuse any demographic change carried out by the regime forces and Russian in their areas which they left after violent shelling which left about 1800 civilian martyrs and more than 6 thousand injured.

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