المرصد السوري لحقوق الانسان
The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights

About 12500 displaced people and 14 casualties in 48 hours of military operations in Daraa, the shelling returns again to the area

The regime forces shelled areas in the countryside of Daraa after the relative calm that prevailed the province, which is accompanied by targeting by the regime forces for its areas, where the Syrian Observatory monitored this morning Thursday, 21st of June 2018, artillery shelling by the regime forces targeted areas in Bosr al-Harir town in the eastern countryside of Daraa, in conjunction with targeting by the regime forces for areas in Abtaa town of middle countryside of Daraa, amid shelling targeted areas in Kafr Nasej town and its surroundings in the northwestern countryside of Daraa, also the regime forces opened heavy machineguns’ fire on places at al-Lajat area in the northeastern countryside of Daraa, which caused more material damage but no information about casualties, while it rose to 14 at least, the number of people who were killed in the last 48 hours in Daraa province, they are: 6 fighters of the factions were killed in shelling and clashes against the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them in the countryside of Daraa, 8 citizens including 3 women were killed in shelling by the regime forces on the eastern and northwestern countryside of Daraa.

The return of shelling to Daraa came after hours of relative calm, in the wake of violent clashes and intense shelling by tens of artillery and rocket shells by the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them on the eastern and northeastern countryside of Daraa, which caused a massive displacement of citizens towards areas away from the shelling and fighting, where the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitored within the past 48 hours of military operations the displacement of about 12500 people from the villages and towns of Bosr al-Harir, Eastern Mleha, Western Mleha, al-Hrak, Msikah, Asim, al-Shomarah, al-Shayyah, and al-Bostan in the eastern countryside of Daraa, amid fears of the increase of displacement due to the military operations east of the province, after the failure of the international parties in finding a solution to the situation of the Syrian south, with the continued stubbornness of the Iranian forces, their allies, and the gunmen supported by them; in withdrawing from the area according to the regional and international conditions imposed to achieve the solution in the Syrian south.

It is noteworthy that the Syrian Observatory monitored calm in the Syrian South, on the contact lines between the regime forces and gunmen loyal to them against the rebel and Islamic factions, started on Friday night, the 15th of June 2018, and lasted for 48 hours along with the preparations that have been taking place since about 3 weeks by the regime forces and their allies and between the factions, for an expected military operation if the local, regional and international parties fail definitively to reach an agreement about the Syrian south, which has been witnessing since July 2017 an agreement between Jordan, Russia and the United States of America about de-escalation and decrease the combat operations, and this clam in the Syrian south coincides with the failure of the international and regional parties to find a consensual formula about the future of the Syrian south, and at the same time the Iranians are still refusing to withdraw with the militia loyal to them of Syrian and non-Syrian nationalities, also intersected sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory that no consensus had yet been reached about the Iranian withdrawal towards other Syrian areas, and no agreement has been reached on any items about the Syrian south, which has been witnessing a Russian – American – Jordanian agreement since July 2017, and this agreement has witnessed hundreds of violations by the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them of Syrian and non-Syrian nationalities, as well as the rebel and Islamic factions operating in the areas where the agreement takes place in al-Quneitra, al-Suwaidaa and Daraa provinces, while Daraa province, and al-Quneitra province, has been witnessing since the 25th of May 2018 the regime forces’ continuation of their mobilizations and bringing military reinforcements of their members and the militiamen loyal to them, in a preparation for a military operation in both provinces of Daraa and Al-Quneitra in the Syrian South, which has been witnessing a truce and a cessation of combat operations since 2017, where more reinforcements have arrived in the northern countryside of Al-Quneitra and Daraa countryside, in a preparation for a military operation which is expected to start in the case that an agree is not reached with the factions of the Syrian South, and the Syrian Observatory published few hours ago, that it monitored the factions of Daraa city and its countryside fortifying their points of deployment and position, and putting barricades and preparing the military vehicles, weapons as well as providing points and sites with weapons and ammunitions, and intersected sources confirmed to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that this fortifying process comes in preparation for a potential military operation, of which the regime and the Russians may carry out in Daraa province and Syrian south, where the fortifications included sites of the factions in the countryside of Quneitra as a part of the preparation process for a violent clashes the regime forces may launch with their allies at any time in the coming days, despite the Russian – American – Jordanian agreement in the Syrian south that has been in effect since the 9th of July 2017, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights published on the 7th of June 2018, that the Iranian Forces are still refusing the Russian proposal in withdrawing from Daraa and Quneitra provinces as well as the entire Syrian south towards other areas in central Syria, the sources told the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights that the Iranian Forces imposed a condition in exchange for their withdrawal towards the desert and central Syria, which is the evacuation of al-Tanf base of the American and International Coalition Forces on the Syrian – Iraqi border, as a condition for them to leave the Syrian south, of which Russia is working with the regime to reach a solution about the area, through local discussions with the factions and regional with Syria’s neighboring countries.

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